Jewish Holidays

A brief summary of the Jewish Holidays, Traditions and Celebrations.

*Please note, that the following is only to give a general idea of what, when and why the celebration, holiday or tradition is observed. 

 

Yom Kippur - יום כפור
*The 10th day of the 7th month of Tishrei (Jewish Calendar).
*Yom Kippur in Hebrew, יום כפור  (Yom Kippur).
*Yom Kippur is also known as the Day of Atonement or the Day of Judgement.
*This is one of the holiest days if not the holiest day for the Jewish people.
*During Yom Kippur there are no television broadcasts, the airport is closed, the roads are empty, shops, restaurants and businesses are closed..everything comes to a stand still. 
* Many Jewish people observe this day by fasting for 25-26 hours and praying both in synagogues and home.
It is a time when people ask their friends, family, colleagues and others for forgiveness for anything that they may have done throughout the year which have caused them pain or offense.
A time when people give to charities.
A time when people can confess their guilt and ask G-d for his forgiveness.
A time when people can try to put right what they may have done wrong throughout the year with hope of making changes in the coming year.
According to Jewish tradition in order to apologize to G-d one must Pray, Repent and Give to Charity. In return G-d will forgive and cleanse the person from his sins.

 

Chanuka - חנוכה - The Feast of Lights
Chanuka, in Hebrew חנוכה, also known as the Festival of Lights.
* Celebrated on the 25th day of Kisslev (Jewish Calendar)
* Chanuka in Hebrew חנוכה - Cha-nu-ka
* Lasts for Eight Days
* Commemorates the victory of the Maccabeans (Jewish People) against the Greeks when they regained control of Jerusalem and the Temple. It is also a time when we remember the mircale of the oil. In the Temple they found only one bottle of oil- enough oil to light the Menora for one day. The miracle was when the oil lasted for eight whole days!
* A Chanukia ( 9 Branch Menora) is used every day for eight days. Each evening an extra candle is lit. 
* As soon as the candle is lit, blessings are recited and Chanuka songs are sung.
* It is traditional to eat foods which have been cooked in oil. The most popular being Doughnuts - סופגניות(Suvganiot) and Latkes - (Potato Cakes). 
* Children play with Dreidels decorated with the letters נ ג ה פ meaning - nes gadol haya poh - A great miracle happened here.
 
Chanuka Accessories

 

Sukkot - סוכות - Feast of Tabernacles
*Celebrated on the 15th day of the Tishrei (Jewish Calendar)
* Sukkot in Hebrew סוכות - Sukkot
* Lasts for Seven Days
* During Sukkot a Sukkah (booth) is built from Palm leaves and other materials to symbolize the booths in which the Jewish people used as dwellings on their way from Eygypt to Israel. (Leviticus 23:42).
* Families get together to build a booth (usually) made from palm leaves. Other materials can be used and are often used as decoration. Children enjoy making all sorts of decorations for their Sukkah.
* Families use their Sukkah for seven days as a place to welcome people, friends and loved ones. To sit, to play, to eat, to entertain and some even sleep there.
* In the Synagogues you can expect to see worshippers walking around with the Four Species (אתרוג -Etrog -Citron, הדס -Hadas- Myrtle, לולב -Lulav - Palm Branch and  ערבה - Arvah- Willow) and reciting Psalm 118.25.
*The Four Species are waved around in the air and blessed. The Four Species symbolize the diversity and unity of the Jewish people.

 

Yom Kippur - יום כפור
*The 10th day of the 7th month of Tishrei (Jewish Calendar).
*Yom Kippur in Hebrew, יום כפור  (Yom Kippur).
*Yom Kippur is also known as the Day of Atonement or the Day of Judgement.
*This is one of the holiest days if not the holiest day for the Jewish people.
*During Yom Kippur there are no television broadcasts, the airport is closed, the roads are empty, shops, restaurants and businesses are closed..everything comes to a stand still. 
* Many Jewish people observe this day by fasting for 25-26 hours and praying both in synagogues and home.
It is a time when people ask their friends, family, colleagues and others for forgiveness for anything that they may have done throughout the year which have caused them pain or offense.
A time when people give to charities.
A time when people can confess their guilt and ask G-d for his forgiveness.
A time when people can try to put right what they may have done wrong throughout the year with hope of making changes in the coming year.
According to Jewish tradition in order to apologize to G-d one must Pray, Repent and Give to Charity. In return G-d will forgive and cleanse the person from his sins.

 

 


Tu B'shvat - ט"ו בשבט - The Celebration of the Trees.
* Celebrated on the 15th day of the Shevat (Jewish Calendar).
* Lasts for one day. Starts on the eve of the 15th day of Shevat and finishes on the eve of the 16th.
* Also known as the birthday of the trees, the new year of the trees and the Israeli Arbor Day.
* A day of environmental awareness.
* A time to celebrate by planting trees and eating dried fruits.
* A time for spending time in the nature; planting trees with families and friends.
 

 

 

Chanuka - חנוכה - The Feast of Lights
Chanuka, in Hebrew חנוכה, also known as the Festival of Lights.
* Celebrated on the 25th day of Kisslev (Jewish Calendar)
* Chanuka in Hebrew חנוכה - Cha-nu-ka
* Lasts for Eight Days
* Commemorates the victory of the Maccabeans (Jewish People) against the Greeks when they regained control of Jerusalem and the Temple. It is also a time when we remember the mircale of the oil. In the Temple they found only one bottle of oil- enough oil to light the Menora for one day. The miracle was when the oil lasted for eight whole days!
* A Chanukia ( 9 Branch Menora) is used every day for eight days. Each evening an extra candle is lit. 
* As soon as the candle is lit, blessings are recited and Chanuka songs are sung.
* It is traditional to eat foods which have been cooked in oil. The most popular being Doughnuts - סופגניות(Suvganiot) and Latkes - (Potato Cakes). 
* Children play with Dreidels decorated with the letters נ ג ה פ meaning - nes gadol haya poh - A great miracle happened here.
 

 

 

Sukkot - סוכות - Feast of Tabernacles
*Celebrated on the 15th day of the Tishrei (Jewish Calendar)
* Sukkot in Hebrew סוכות - Sukkot
* Lasts for Seven Days
* During Sukkot a Sukkah (booth) is built from Palm leaves and other materials to symbolize the booths in which the Jewish people used as dwellings on their way from Eygypt to Israel. (Leviticus 23:42).
* Families get together to build a booth (usually) made from palm leaves. Other materials can be used and are often used as decoration. Children enjoy making all sorts of decorations for their Sukkah.
* Families use their Sukkah for seven days as a place to welcome people, friends and loved ones. To sit, to play, to eat, to entertain and some even sleep there.
* In the Synagogues you can expect to see worshippers walking around with the Four Species (אתרוג -Etrog -Citron, הדס -Hadas- Myrtle, לולב -Lulav - Palm Branch and  ערבה - Arvah- Willow) and reciting Psalm 118.25.
*The Four Species are waved around in the air and blessed. The Four Species symbolize the diversity and unity of the Jewish people.

 

 

Yom Kippur - יום כפור
*The 10th day of the 7th month of Tishrei (Jewish Calendar).
*Yom Kippur in Hebrew, יום כפור  (Yom Kippur).
*Yom Kippur is also known as the Day of Atonement or the Day of Judgement.
*This is one of the holiest days if not the holiest day for the Jewish people.
*During Yom Kippur there are no television broadcasts, the airport is closed, the roads are empty, shops, restaurants and businesses are closed..everything comes to a stand still. 
* Many Jewish people observe this day by fasting for 25-26 hours and praying both in synagogues and home.
It is a time when people ask their friends, family, colleagues and others for forgiveness for anything that they may have done throughout the year which have caused them pain or offense.
A time when people give to charities.
A time when people can confess their guilt and ask G-d for his forgiveness.
A time when people can try to put right what they may have done wrong throughout the year with hope of making changes in the coming year.
According to Jewish tradition in order to apologize to G-d one must Pray, Repent and Give to Charity. In return G-d will forgive and cleanse the person from his sins.

 

 

The Jewish New Year - Rosh Hashana - ראש השנה
* Rosh Hashana takes place on the 1st day of Tishrei (Jewish Calendar).
* Known as Rosh Hashana, literally, the head of the year and Yom  HaTeruah יום התרועה , literally, the day of raising a noise ( the sounding of the Shofar).
* The first day of the Jewish Calendar Year (although not the only day to be looked upon as the beginning of the year).
* The sound of the Shofar can be heard throughout the day in synagogues. This symbolizes the calling of God's attention to the prayers.
* During Rosh Hashana people greet each other with blessings for the New Year. Shana Tova - שנה טובה -A good year! Shana Metuka - שנה מתוקה - A sweet Year.
* People eat apple dipped with honey to symbolize a sweet New Year. The head of a fish symbolizes the head of the New Year and is traditionally part of the meal which takes place on the eve of Rosh Hashana.

 

 




 





 

 

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